Community Health—Health Status of Population, Groups, and Communities

When the different measures are applied for the well-being of the community as a whole in an organized manner is known as community health or public health.

It may be defined as all such activities which are contributing towards the improvement of the health of the community and focus on the improvement, maintenance, and protection of the health status of population groups and communities.

Activities involve in community health services

  1. These maintain the sanitation of the environment by supplying safe drinking water and proper disposal of sewage.
  2. Providing facilities for the prevention and control of communicable diseases like arrangement of vaccination campaigns, isolation of diseased cases, and giving of treatment.
  3. Providing maternity and child health services.
  4. Providing school health education, nutrition education, and family welfare.

Agencies responsible for community health care

  • Health Deptt.
  • Family Welfare Deptt.
  • Sanitation Deptt.
  • Education Deptt.

Various activities under community health program are as stated under


Mass vaccination against cholera, smallpox, typhoid, tuberculosis, tetanus, etc. comes under vaccination. These facilities are available to everybody.


Unhygienic surroundings breed diseases. Polluted and contaminated sources of drinking water, disposal of garbage, are the chief sources of diseases. It includes-

  • Safe water supply
  • Waste disposal through compost pits
  • Preventation of insect-breeding places
  • Preventation of air pollution


The water used for drinking should be sterilized and foods should be heated before taking. It includes the statistically complete destruction of all microorganisms including the most resistant bacteria and their spores.

Medical care

(a) Treatment and hospitalization of sick persons.

(b) Personal contacts and printed materials for health education.

Maternal and child health and family planning

(a) Routine examination of pregnant ladies.

(b) Delivery of child, infant, and postnatal care.

(c) Prophylaxis against anemia and vitamin deficiency.

(d) Family planning advice.

(e) Visits and immunization.

School Health Services

School Health Services - children education in school
Child health education

(a) Medical checkup and treatment of students.

(b) Immunization.

(c) School sanitation.

(d) School lunch or mid-day meal.

(e) Health instruction.

(f) Sexual health and sex education.

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